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Salary: £24000.00 to £80000.00 per year
Hours: 9.00 - 5.00 Monday to Friday but can be extra hours if necessary
Description: A civil engineer working in agriculture may be supervising the construction of agricultural buildings, drainage systems, sewage plants power plants or environmental engineering.
Salary: £15000.00 to £40000.00 per year
Hours: 8.00 - 5.00pm Monday to Friday, but may be longer to meet deadlines or when urgent repairs are required
Description: An electrical/electronic engineer repairs the electrical and electronic components of agricultural machinery.
Salary: £25000.00 to £40000.00 per year
Hours: 8.00 - 5.00 Monday to Friday. But may be longer to meet deadines and at peak times, for instance harvesting when urgent repairs to machinery is required.
Description: An agricultural engineer maintains agricultural, horticultural and forestry machinery.
Salary: £20000.00 to £38000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Agricultural engineering technicians help to solve practical engineering problems in land-based industries.
Salary: £15500.00 to £40000.00 average per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: Bakers make bread, cakes and pastries using machines or by hand.
Salary: £15500.00 to £30000.00 average per year
Hours: 38 to 42 per week
Description: Butchers prepare and sell meat and poultry, and make meat products like sausages, burgers and pies.
Salary: £20000.00 to £80000.00 per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: Energy engineers advise, design and supervise the construction of power generation plants, biomass plants, windfarms and other renewable energy sources.
Salary: £16000.00 to £37000.00 average per year
Hours: 30 to 40 per week
Description: Farm secretaries are responsible for the day-to-day running of the business side of farms.
Salary: £20000.00 to £50000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Farm managers work to run farms, or parts of farms, efficiently and profitably.
Salary: £16000.00 to £30000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Farriers prepare and treat horses' feet, and make and fit horseshoes.
Salary: £15500.00 to £21000.00 average per year
Hours: 37 to 40 per week
Description: Fishmongers sell fish and seafood products, and advise customers on how to prepare them.
Salary: £15500.00 to £20000.00 average per year
Hours: 38 - 40 hours per week
Description: A food processor sees the production of raw ingredients into a finished meal, usually in a factory environment. You may be freezing, canning, baking, drying, cooking, chilling or pasteurising ingredients and products.
Salary: £20000.00 to £60000.00 average per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: You will be advising food processors on the safe presentation, preparation and storage of food. You will investigate food related illnesses and inspect food producing premises.
Salary: £20000.00 to £45000.00
Hours: 35 - 40 per week
Description: Food scientists and food technologists develop food and drink products, making sure they are safe to consume.
Salary: £15000.00 to £27000.00
Hours: 35 to 40 per week
Description: Forestry workers manage trees, plants and the environment in forests and woodland.
Salary: £18000.00 to £60000.00 average per year
Hours: 35 - 40 per week
Description: You will be planning and selecting fresh food from producers to sell in retail outlets. You will take into account market trends and quality of the product. You will visit your suppliers regularly to ensure standards are maintained and the product remains competitive.
Salary: £13000.00 to £25000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Farm workers do agricultural work with livestock, crops or machinery.
Salary: £15000.00 to £16000.00 per year
Hours: Varied
Description: Grooms care for horses and maintain the stable yards. You might work in a racing stable, a livery yard, a stud farm or a private stable.
Salary: £14000.00 to £25000.00
Hours: Variable
Description: Horse riding instructors work with people of different ages, riding ability and experience.
Salary: £15000.00 to £45000.00 per year
Hours: Working hours are long, starting early with supervising exercising the horses. Weekends, especially during race season.
Description: This term usually applies to training racehorses. It is an exciting and vibrant career with prospects.
Salary: £20000.00 to £80000.00 per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: Renewable energy engineers work on the research, design and construction of power generation plants and wind farms.
Salary: £14000.00 to £60000.00 per year
Hours: 35 to 40 per week
Description: Research scientists plan and carry out experiments and investigations to broaden scientific knowledge.
Salary: £13000.00 to £23000.00 average per year
Description: A riding leader takes groups of riders on treks. It is an enjoyable career if you love riding and horses.
Salary: £20000.00 to £45000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Rural practice surveyors provide practical and strategic knowledge to a range of clients involved in rural land and property. They can work across a number of areas or specialise including: • agriculture • professional services e.g. valuation • forestry • estate/property management Some of the work relates to estate management and professional consultancy and alternative job titles include land agent, forester, environmental consultant and property manager.
Salary: £15000.00 to £30000.00 per year
Hours: Varied
Description: A saddle fitter fits the saddles and advises on the best saddles to suit the horse and the rider. Whereas a saddler makes the saddles. Some professionals fit the saddle and make it as well. Saddle Fitter: You may work for a saddle and tack manufacturing company or for a bespoke saddler and fitter. You may be employed to represent a specific manufacturer; or in a small individual company; or be self-employed representing a manufacturer; or self-employed making bespoke saddles. Your work will take place at stable yards. Saddler: You may be making saddles in a manufacturing environment using machinery or you may be making hand-made saddles for a small company.
Salary: £16000.00 to £30000.00 per year
Hours: 40 to 48 per week
Description: Agricultural machinery operator, combine harvester driver, crop sprayer. Tractor drivers operate farm machinery used to plough fields, plant seeds, and spray and harvest crops.

General Farm Worker

Salary: £13000.00 to £25000.00 per year
Hours: Variable
Description: Farm workers do agricultural work with livestock, crops or machinery.

Entry Requirements

There are no set requirements, but experience and knowledge of farm work, or an agricultural qualification, will be helpful.

To work on a dairy farm you may need training or experience in handling a herd and operating milking machinery, or you could learn on the job.

You could get into this job through an apprenticeship.

Skills Required

  • practical skills
  • a willingness to work flexibly
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Typical Day

Your day-to-day tasks will vary depending on the type of farm and the time of year, but may include:

  • working with animals (transporting, milking, feeding, mucking out and caring for sick or newborn livestock)
  • ploughing fields, sowing seeds, spreading fertiliser, crop spraying and harvesting
  • operating farm machinery
  • maintaining and cleaning farm buildings and machinery
  • laying and trimming hedges
  • digging and maintaining ditches
  • erecting and mending fences

You'll be supervised by the farm owner or manager, and you may supervise casual staff.

Working Hours, Patterns and Environment

Farming is seasonal and the workload varies. You'll usually work at least 39 hours a week and be expected to work paid overtime when necessary.

Early morning, evening and weekend work are all common. This is a physically active role, so you'll need a reasonable level of fitness.

You'll usually need a driving licence.

Farm work can be dirty and dusty. It may not suit you if you suffer from allergies like hay fever.

Career Path

With qualifications and experience, you could progress to supervisor or unit manager on a large farm. You may have to move between farms to gain experience and promotion.

You could also become an agricultural contractor, supplying services to several farms, servicing machinery or working in agricultural equipment and supplies.

Katrina Robb

A really rewarding industry

It’s important to keep rural jobs going. There are not that many (farrier) apprentices being trained in Scotland, so it would be good to encourage more people to do the job.
Katrina Robb , Farrier
Stuart Lowe

No such thing as an average day

“There’s no such thing as an average day. It can be anything from ploughing to driving in the grain or repairing dykes and fencing. That’s what keeps it interesting.”
Stuart Lowe , Agricultural Contractor