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Salary: £15500.00 to £40000.00 average per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: Bakers make bread, cakes and pastries using machines or by hand.
Salary: £15500.00 to £30000.00 average per year
Hours: 38 to 42 per week
Description: Butchers prepare and sell meat and poultry, and make meat products like sausages, burgers and pies.
Salary: £15500.00 to £21000.00 average per year
Hours: 37 to 40 per week
Description: Fishmongers sell fish and seafood products, and advise customers on how to prepare them.
Salary: £15500.00 to £20000.00 average per year
Hours: 38 - 40 hours per week
Description: A food processor sees the production of raw ingredients into a finished meal, usually in a factory environment. You may be freezing, canning, baking, drying, cooking, chilling or pasteurising ingredients and products.
Salary: £20000.00 to £60000.00 average per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: You will be advising food processors on the safe presentation, preparation and storage of food. You will investigate food related illnesses and inspect food producing premises.
Salary: £20000.00 to £45000.00
Hours: 35 - 40 per week
Description: Food scientists and food technologists develop food and drink products, making sure they are safe to consume.
Salary: £18000.00 to £60000.00 average per year
Hours: 35 - 40 per week
Description: You will be planning and selecting fresh food from producers to sell in retail outlets. You will take into account market trends and quality of the product. You will visit your suppliers regularly to ensure standards are maintained and the product remains competitive.

Baker

Salary: £15500.00 to £40000.00 average per year
Hours: 40 per week
Description: Bakers make bread, cakes and pastries using machines or by hand.

Entry Requirements

You may find it useful to have National 4 and 5 qualifications, in subjects like:

  • Science
  • English
  • Maths
  • Food technology

You could start out by:

  • applying to be a trainee in a bakery
  • doing a baking course at college
  • doing a baking apprenticeship

Skills Required

  • Practical skills
  • Measuring and maths skills
  • Organisational skills and the ability to work to deadlines

Typical Day

You'll work in an industrial (plant) bakery, an in-store bakery or a craft bakery. At an industrial bakery, you'll make large amounts of baked goods for shops and supermarkets. As an in-store baker, you'll use machinery to make bread products to be sold in the shop.

Your day-to-day tasks could include:

  • keeping production areas clean
  • making dough
  • measuring out large quantities of ingredients
  • making sure you have enough supplies
  • working safely with machinery like power mixers, industrial ovens and production lines
  • working out cooking times
  • developing new products

At a craft or 'artisan' bakery, you'll work by hand and create fewer products.

Working Hours, Patterns and Environment

You'll usually work 40 hours a week. You may have very early starts or work nights or weekends.

Bakeries can be noisy and dusty places. This may cause problems if you have asthma, dust allergies, or certain skin conditions.

You may need to do some lifting.

You may also need your own transport if working early or late shifts.

Career Path

With experience, you could become a bakery supervisor, charge hand or production manager.

As an in-store or industrial baker, you could move into a job at a flour mill or become a sales representative.

You could also become a technical adviser or development baker for a baked goods or equipment company.

Another option is to become a craft baker and set up your own business.

Katrina Robb

A really rewarding industry

It’s important to keep rural jobs going. There are not that many (farrier) apprentices being trained in Scotland, so it would be good to encourage more people to do the job.
Katrina Robb , Farrier
Stuart Lowe

No such thing as an average day

“There’s no such thing as an average day. It can be anything from ploughing to driving in the grain or repairing dykes and fencing. That’s what keeps it interesting.”
Stuart Lowe , Agricultural Contractor